phase 1 : inflammation
To progressively isolate the injured skin tissue, blood that has leaked out of the damaged vessels will coagulate and form a scab.
This is the so-called «inflammatory» phase that involves cleaning cellular debris out of the wound to prepare for the reconstruction phase.
phase 2 : budding
Once the wound has been cleaned, cells called fibroblasts containing collagen and elastin fibers proliferate. Their activity allows new extra-cellular matrix to be formed. Granulation tissue appears and new vessels form, causing the scar to turn pink.
phase 3 : epithelialization
Now the reconstruction phase can begin:
keratinotypes, cells constituting 90% of skin’s superficial layer, multiply to cover the granulation tissue, the scar closes.
phase 4 : remodeling
Lastly, firbroblast finish remodeling the skin:
the scar fades and regains its «normal» appearance.
phase 5 : beautiful scar
The remodeling phase lasts for several months after wound closure. For up to two years, you can take action to improve your scar’s esthetic appearance. To have a «beautiful scar», using cream and thoroughly massage the area are both recommended.