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Wrinkles and age spots: Nature or nurture?


How the environment actively ages skin

Skin research scientists are now convinced that factors all around us can accelerate the effects of time: solar radiation, toxic fumes and pollutant particles. The sum total of these factors is known as environmental aging.
It affects our most exposed and vulnerable organ, the skin, which forms a vital gateway between our body and the environment. Assailed by aggressors, skin develops the "syndrome" of environmental aging: wrinkles, age spots and complexion dullness.

"Environmental aggressors can have a direct impact on skin by triggering increased wrinkle formation." Prof. Krutmann

Environmental aging: the key players

1) The dark side of the sun: A full spectrum of aggressors
Multiple environmental aging factors stem from the very energy source that gives us light and life: the sun. The effects of UVB have been known for decades: sunburn and skin damage. But UVB is just one facet of sun-induced aging. Present all year round, even in cloudy weather, UVA and infrared rays penetrate deep within the skin, degrading its essential building blocks.

2) Pollution: A silent menace for skin
When it comes to sun exposure, the skin "warns" us when we have exceeded our tolerance threshold with erythema, pain and swelling. In other words, sunburn. But there is no such obvious response to pollution, making it a far more insidious threat for skin. In fact, there is mounting evidence that pollution amplifies and compounds the effects of solar radiation on skin.

What does this mean for your skin?

At the surface, UV and pollution particles work in tandem to send pigment-producing cells into overdrive, leading to premature age spots and a dull or graying skintone. They also deplete skin's surface barrier, provoking dryness and heightened sensitivity.

Deep down, oxidative stress "eats away" at skin's support structures, encouraging the development of accentuated wrinkles. Globally, the face looks older than its years.

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Did you know?

The pollution effect is such a hot topic in science.

Environmental aging expert Professor Krutmann led a far-reaching study on 400 women - half of them urbanites - in order to confirm the effects of a polluted environment on skin.
His results could not be clearer: there is a direct link between pollution levels and premature aging signs, with 20% more age spots in the urban group.

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Scientific publications and population studies leave no room for doubt: the environment literally ages your skin.

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