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Baby skin irritation 101:
The top culprits

Nappy rash

Exposed to dampness for prolonged periods of time, Baby’s buttocks frequently become red and inflamed. Though harmless, this condition can be uncomfortable for your little one, particularly as it often occurs in tandem with teething. To alleviate symptoms, change nappies frequently and ensure they are not too tight. With every baby change, clean the area with a gentle cleansing gel followed up by a hypoallergenic restoring barrier cream to protect the skin.

› 10 golden rules when treating baby's nappy rash

› SOS irritated bottom

Milk spots

Baby skin is prone to developing little white lumps of keratin trapped under its surface, called “milk spots” or milia. They are harmless and don’t need any treatment, but seek a doctor’s advice if they look inflamed or infected.

› Learn more about how to care for your baby’s skin

Teething and dribble rash

During teething, excess saliva production causes baby to dribble over his or her chin and neck area. The digestive enzymes in saliva can leave your little one’s skin red and sore. Regular and gentle washing with warm water and a soft sponge or cloth, followed up by a soothing barrier cream can help alleviate the symptoms.

› Learn more about washing and protecting baby skin

Heat rash

When skin sweats more than usual, the glands can become blocked, causing a bumpy, red and itchy rash. Babies are particularly susceptible as their sweat glands are immature. Try a cooling thermal water mist or soothing, healing cream. Breathable cotton clothes or cool baths will also help keep skin cool.

› Learn more about the differences between baby and adult skin

Mosquito bites

Scar massage can optimize your skin’s healing: make sure you do it at least once a day. Massage will improve the chances of a result you’re happy with by stimulating neat, healthy healing.

› Learn more about Serozinc

The skin manifestations of common baby infections

ChickenpoxThe varicella virus causes crops of intensely itchy spots that later blister and crust over before healing on their own. They usually last 5-10 days. To relieve the itching, try calamine lotion or cool baths. You can also ask your pharmacist for an over-the-counter children’s anti-histamine for babies over 1 year.
Hand, foot and mouth diseaseThis common viral infection causes mouth ulcers plus itchy and sometimes painful spots on the hands and/or feet that last up to 10 days. Try calamine lotion to soothe the itch.
Slapped cheekParvovirus B19 infection causes a characteristic blotchy red or “slapped” cheek appearance (sometimes just one cheek!). It is not painful or harmful for baby, but can take weeks to clear. This extremely common infection appears dramatic, but is a harmless “rite of passage” that most children will go through.
Baby herpesBabies can catch the virus at birth or in infancy through contact with cold sores. The skin manifestations are painful oozing sores or blisters, which later crust over. Sometimes the virus can cause baby to feel unwell, contact your GP or pediatrician if this is the case. On top of your doctor’s treatment, try a healing barrier cream to relieve symptoms and speed up your little one’s recovery.